5 Tips for a More Successful Hatch


Hatching fertile chicken (or duck) eggs in an incubator or under a hen is a fun, rewarding experience. If all goes well, after 21 days (28 for duck eggs) you should have healthy baby chicks popping out of the eggshells like popcorn! But things can go wrong. The hatch rate for incubated eggs isn't as high as for those eggs hatched under a hen, and for shipped eggs it's even lower. But there are several things you can do to ensure the best hatch possible.


Choose a Reputable Breeder, Local Farm or Hatchery

If you can find eggs locally, or hatch your own eggs, that will likely result in the best hatch rate.  If you use your own fertile eggs, choose the cleanest, most perfectly shaped eggs for a better chance of hatching healthy chicks. Jostling during shipping can damage the integrity of the insides of the egg -even if the eggs don't break - and that can interfere with eggs hatching. However, ordering your hatching eggs from a reputable hatchery such as My Pet Chicken, or a breeder like Brinkhaven Acres, is recommended if you want breeds you can't find locally.

This gorgeous array of hatching eggs arrived last week from Brinkhaven Acres, beautifully packaged for minimal damage to the eggs.


Keep It Fresh

If you aren't ready to start hatching the eggs right away or don't have enough eggs collected, you can store them for up to 7 days in a cool (60 degrees or so) spot, at a 45 degree angle, pointy end down. Turning the eggs a few times a day will help keep the yolks centered, which can result in better hatch rates. Hatching eggs do need to be handled differently than eggs you collect for eating. After 7-10 days, egg fertility starts to drop considerably, so try to incubate the freshest eggs possible.

Choose a Reliable Incubator

There are several incubator brands on the market for you to choose from. I personally recommend using a Brinsea incubator. I love my Mini Advance, but whatever brand you choose (or if you decide to make your own), be sure to test the temperature and humidity to be sure you can maintain a constant environment throughout the hatch. A temperature change of even a degree or two can be disastrous to embryo development. Be sure the incubator is set away from sunny windows, and in a place where it won't be disturbed by children or pets.


Keep it Clean

Making sure your incubator is clean (I use white vinegar to disinfect mine after each hatch), and washing your hands both before and after handling the eggs is critical to maintaining the integrity of the hatching eggs. If bacteria gets inside the shell, it will multiply quickly in the heat and kill the developing embryo.

Turn Baby Turn

Turning the eggs is probably the most important aspect of hatching.  You really can't turn them too often. Turning keeps the yolk (and embryo) centered in the egg. Just be sure to stop turning three days before the hatch date. The chick needs time to get into position and get ready to hatch.

Following these simple tips can result in a more successful hatch and better hatch rate for you.

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