Treating Egg Bound Hens - How to Recognize Causes, Symptoms and Prevent Egg Binding

Imagine one morning you notice one of your hens acting funny.

She is fluffed up, her eyes are closed and she is lethargic.

You notice her sitting on the ground and maybe dragging her wings.

Her tail is down and most likely she is straining or pumping her backside.

Upon closer examination you may notice that liquid is dripping from her vent and you may feel an egg-shaped lump.

All signs of an egg bound hen.

Considering the process that a chicken goes through nearly every day to lay a perfect egg, it's no wonder that things go wrong sometimes.

What is an Egg Bound Hen? 

An egg bound hen literally has an egg stuck in her oviduct. It is most common in young or obese chickens.

Fortunately, being egg bound is not all that common, and there's a good chance you may never have a hen suffer from it, but it's still good to know the signs and how to treat it. If she isn't able to lay the egg within 48 hours, it could kill her.

What Causes an Egg Bound Hen?

Too much protein in a hen's diet can cause egg binding.  Other potential causes are stress, internal worms, low quality feed, dehydration or weakness from a recent illness.

Or it could be due to a large or double yolked egg that is too large to pass through, genetics or a calcium deficiency. Adequate calcium in the diet is necessary for strong eggshells, but also is needed for proper muscle contraction to help the hen expel the egg.


Very young, premature layer 
Poor overall diet
Calcium deficiency
Excess protein
Overly large egg gets stuck
Oviduct infection
Internal parasites

So what are the symptoms of an egg bound hen?


Loss of appetite/decreased thirst
Droopy wings
Straining or pumping the rear end
Frequently sitting on the ground
Wet feces, or lack of defecation
Pale comb and wattles

How Do I Treat an Egg Bound Hen?

As soon as you have identified an egg bound hen, you must treat her quickly. An egg bound hen will die if she is not able to pass the egg within 48 hours, so once you have made your diagnosis, treatment should start immediately.

You want to handle your egg bound hen carefully to avoid breaking the egg inside her, which can lead to infection and possible death.  (Peritonitis, an infection caused by egg material stuck inside the hen must be treated immediately with an antibiotic, such as Baytril, and probiotic powder to build up her good bacteria.)

But even if the egg hasn't broken, you will want to treat her as soon as possible.

What you Need for Treatment

Tub of warm water
Epsom salts
Vegetable oil
Liquid calcium
Crate or box


Here's how to treat an egg bound hen:  The easiest thing to do is to carefully bring the hen into the house and soak her in a plastic tub in your bathtub.

Submerge her lower body and vent in warm water with some Epsom salts for about 20 minutes, gently rubbing her abdomen.

Remove her gently from the bath and towel dry her, blotting her feathers carefully.  If it's winter or there's any draft, dry her off with a hair dryer set on low heat.

Then rub some vegetable oil around her vent and very gently massage her abdomen once more.  Put her in quiet, dark location in a large crate or cage.

A dog crate or bird cage with a towel or blanket draped over it, a towel that has been warmed in the dryer on the bottom, and set over a pan of hot water (or with a heating pad under the towel) with a heat lamp is perfect.

You want to create moist heat.

Give her an eyedropper of Nutri-Drench and 1cc of liquid calcium (or read supplement label instructions).  Then give her some time to herself. Repeat the soak in the tub every hour or so until she lays her egg.

If you can see the egg, you can try to carefully extract the contents of the egg using a syringe and then gently crush the shell, keeping the fragments attached to the membrane and remove it using vegetable oil squirted in and around the vent.

This is risky and carries with it the danger of your hen contracting an infection, so should ONLY be used after all other remedies have been tried. 

What if Home Treatment Doesn't Work?

As a last resort if the above treatment doesn't work within a few hours, a visit to a vet is recommended.

How Do I Prevent an Egg Bound Hen?


Feed a good-quality layer feed
Offer crushed eggshell or oyster shell free-choice so each hen can eat as much or as little as she needs
Stick to healthy treats and limit them to 10% of overall diet
Provide chickens plenty of room to exercise
Thanks to Orange Chicken for her role as the egg bound hen. She did a wonderful job pretending to be ailing.
p.s. I think she actually enjoyed all the attention and the impromptu bath!

©2015 by Fresh Eggs Daily, Inc. All rights reserved.


  1. Oh my I hope I never have to face this. Poor hens. Sounds traumatic for them. Great info though. Thanks.

  2. I've bookmarked this in case I ever need to use it. Thanks.

  3. I have bookmarked this post too. We lost a chicken last month, and my husband thought it might be egged bound. Is it true besides giving calcium you can give them molasses? Thank you

    1. I have heard that molasses is good for flushing worms out, not for egg binding specifically, but the Nutri-Drench IS molasses based. I know that molasses has alot of nutrients in it, so it wouldn't hurt.

    2. Thank you for for your reply- Anna

  4. Thank you for this post it was extremely informative! I just started raising chickens this year, so I am always looking to learn new information!

  5. Great to know. Saving this post... just in case!

  6. Good info! Pinning it just in case. I've been looking for information on bedding to use for chicks but haven't found anything on your blog. Maybe I missed it? My 2 week old chicks seem to eat any bedding I put in their cage and I'm just worried they will get sick. What do you recommend for bedding?

    1. I usually just put down a few layers of newspaper and then lay a piece of rubber shelf liner over that. It gives them a good surface to grip and they can't eat it. They can get sick or even die if they eat too much of the shavings so I would switch out to the shelf liner for awhile and see how you like it.

      I do have a blog called Baby Chick Care, if you put that in the search bar it should pop up :0)

    2. Wish I had some on hand but alas I don't and the store is way to far away. I took the shavings away as they were eating them and gave them straw but they are eating bits of that too.

      I'll check out your blog. I think they are getting to the age where they really want something fresh but not sure if they can handle grasses yet.

    3. You can try a regular bath towel over some newspaper. That will give them a good grip. If you have two old towels and just switch one out when it gets dirty, hose it off and lay it in the sun to dry and use the other, that works well.

      They certainly can have some grass. What I do is pull up whole clumps, dirt and all. That way they have access to the grit they nee to digest, as well as aren't apt to get cropbound because they will just nibble off short pieces. If you cut grass and give it to them, they will suck it up like spaghetti and it can get stuck in their crop. But at this age, chopped lettuce or spinach, weeds, especially dandelion, grass are all fine.

    4. Dug up some grass for them. They are loving it. I will keep them in grasses and clover and maybe they will leave the straw alone. Really don't have anything else to give them for bedding and with 19 of them using my towels would just be a mess. It sure is a challenge when you live off the grid! Thanks Lisa! You are always very helpful! :)

  7. were do u get the meds that you will need to give the chicken

    1. I bought both the liquid calcium and nutri-drench from amazon. Nutri-drench is great to keep on hand anyway, its a great vitamin boost for any ailing hen.

  8. My goodness, this sounds terrible! Thank you for this great post. My very first girls are still a few months away from laying, but I am so thankful to have veteran Chicken Moms like you to turn to for information!

    1. I have never had to treat an egg bound hen, but the one time I did think I had one (and glad I took photos so I had them to use for this post!) Lucy really didn't mind the bath or blow dry nearly as much as I thought she would. She turned out not to be eggbound but the bit of spa treatment certainly didn't hurt her.

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  10. Thanks for the info. I haven't had a egg bound hen and I've been raising chickens for over 6 years, but good to know what to do if that should happen to one of my girls. Thanks for the info! The chicken Lady of Waverly, VA

  11. I have one chicken who occasionally acts out of sorts. I keep an eye on her and she always eventually lays an egg. Thanks for the advice in case I ever have to take action!

  12. Great info. I've lost hens to being egg bound and it happens fast. I never knew what to do outside of giving them antibiotics. Thanks.

  13. Good post - great information for those who are in the field of poultry farming. How lucky that eggbound hen-LOL! Thanks for the share!

  14. oh my, i just found your blog and loving all the links too, TSC moving in close by this month, can't wait! Loving all the info as i am brand new in the chicken venture. Im loving my chickens, but not the best chicken meister in the world YET. Lost two out of five, possibly killing them with kindness? I should have read more before jumping in the fire. I'll be backkkkkkkkkkkk. (THE BEST IS YET TO COME) blessings from Central Mississippi

  15. I had an egg-bound hen, and noticed something was "wrong" when she was sitting in the nesting box all the time for a couple of days. I thought she was being broody. But then she wouldn't eat, and started looking like she was really suffering. By the time I brought her to the vet, she was emaciated and died the next day. :( The vet told me to handle the chickens every day and feel their healthy breast muscles, and become familiar with their shapes. If a chicken is egg bound, she probably won't be eating, and will lose muscle weight. Thanks for this article, there's more good info here.

  16. Is there any way of preventing this? Maybe by feeding them something regularly?

    1. There isn't one specific way to prevent egg binding, but overall health, healthy eating, not too many treats etc all can help prevent it.

  17. hello, wondering if you could help me figure out what is wrong with my chicken, she hasn't laid for 4 days now, not eating, but drinking, shutting eyes when laying down, droopy wings and lazines. i thought she was egg bound, but clearly not reading the info above, any ideas on what is wrong with her and treatment.. asap - Lauren

    1. Sounds like she might be. A soak and some oil around her vent won't hurt and could help. I would try that anyway. Certainly sounds like something is wrong. Some vitamins & Electrolytes in her water might also help. So hard to diagnose over the internet, but I would treat for egg binding as a start. Lisa

  18. Today we lost our second chicken to being egg bound this year. We are handling daily, feeding layer pellets and scratch grains, full fresh water daily. I don't want my wife or the rest of our girls to go through this again. One was an Easter egg and the other was a Red. Trying to figure out what we're doing wrong. Any ideas out there?

    1. As long as you're not overdoing the treats and the are overall healthy, there's not alot you can do to prevent it. Sometimes its genetic even. But the key is recognizing the symptoms and treating quickly. My sympathy is with you - I know its heartbreaking to lose one.

  19. I knew I could count of you and your site to provide solid and reliable information.

    I noticed, when I was tucking every one in last night, that one of my bantams didn't look right. I looked on here for egg-bound infromation, and sure enough, she had a few of the symptoms. We promptly brought her in the house, soaked in warm water, dried her off, then she had a rest in a nice dark chicken box, and we rested that box on top of a bucket of very, very, warm water to provide warm, moist, heat with.

    The next morning she had laid that egg and was as happy as could be!

    Thanks, Fresh Eggs Daily for being there when I needed you!

    1. Thank you Sheila! That is one of the nicest endorsements we've ever gotten. Nice job with your girl!

  20. Its really nice post. Eyelastin appreciate for your post. Thanks for shearing it with us. keep it up.

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  22. I have an egg bound hen now,it started this morning and nobody sells either product around here, i did do an epsom bath earlier and no improvement all day. Anything else i can try?

  23. I'm in the same boat. Hand fed electrolytes mixed with a half,crushed time tablet. She's getting a spa day right now with warm water and Epsom salts.